Barriers

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262530678
Size: 18.95 MB
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This monograph explores several complex questions concerning the theories of government and bounding, including, in particular, the possibility of a unified approach to these topics. Starting with the intuitive idea that certain categories in certain configurations are barriers to government and movement, it considers whether the same categories are barriers in the two instances or whether one barrier suffices to block government (a stricter and "more local" relation) while more than one barrier inhibits movement, perhaps in a graded manner.Any proposal concerning the formulation of the concept of government has intricate consequences, and many of the empirical phenomena that appear to be relevant are still poorly understood. Similarly, judgments about the theory of movement also involve a number of different factors, including sensitivity to lexical choice. Therefore, Chomsky proceeds on the basis of speculations as to the proper idealization of complex phenomena - how they should be sorted into a variety of interacting systems (some of which remain quite obscure), which may tentatively be put aside to be explained by independent (sometimes unknown) factors, and which may be considered relevant to the subsystems under investigation.Barriers considers several possible paths through the maze of possibilities that arise. It sets the subtheory context (x-bar theory, theory of movement, and government) for determining what constitutes a barrier and explores two concepts of barrier - maximal projection and the minimality condition - and their manifestations in and implications for proper government, subjacency, island violations, vacuous movement, parasitic gaps, and A-chains.Noam Chomsky is Institute Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT. Barriers is Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 13.

Barriers To Entry And Strategic Competition

Author: Paul Geroski
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 3718650304
Size: 20.67 MB
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This monograph reviews the theoretical and empirical literature currently available on entry and strategic competition in markets. The analysis focuses on barriers to entry and on the role of incumbent behaviour in affecting conditions of entry. Particular attention is paid to the ability of incumbents to maintain supracompetitive profits in the long run, and empirical studies of the conditions of entry and of the effects of entry are surveyed. The book goes on to examine the relation between entry and exit conditions, before moving on to an analysis of dynamic limit pricing. Finally a range of empirical models of entry and strategic behaviour is surveyed.

Women And Workplace Discrimination

Author: Raymond F. Gregory
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813531373
Size: 13.25 MB
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An attorney addresses the millions of women who think they might be facing sexual discrimination and traces the history of federal measures enacted to assist workers in contesting unlawful employer conduct.

Disabling Barriers Enabling Environments

Author: John Swain
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446293423
Size: 14.45 MB
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Since it was first published in 1993, Disabling Barriers, Enabling Environments has established itself as essential reading for anyone coming to the subject of disability studies. The book tackles a wide range of issues in numerous succinct chapters written by contributing authors, many of whom are disabled themselves. From the outset, the chapters take a multidisciplinary and international approach. The third edition is made up of 42 chapters, 15 of which are completely new to this edition, including: · Early seminal writings in disabled studies · Death and dying · Psychology · Hate crime and the criminal justice system · Sport · Psycho-emotional disablism and internal oppression. This seminal textbook conveys the continuing developments in the lives and experiences of disabled people. It is valuable reading for students and professionals in the fields of social work, sociology, social policy, health and nursing as well as disabled people.

Barriers To Conflict Resolution

Author: Kenneth Joseph Arrow
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393037371
Size: 20.94 MB
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Presenting theories about why humankind, despite its efforts for peace, is in a perpetual state of conflict, the members of the Stanford Center on Conflict and Negotiation consider the obstacles to and processes for harmonious communication

Barriers To Democracy

Author: Amaney A. Jamal
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400830508
Size: 14.74 MB
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Democracy-building efforts from the early 1990s on have funneled billions of dollars into nongovernmental organizations across the developing world, with the U.S. administration of George W. Bush leading the charge since 2001. But are many such "civil society" initiatives fatally flawed? Focusing on the Palestinian West Bank and the Arab world, Barriers to Democracy mounts a powerful challenge to the core tenet of civil society initiatives: namely, that public participation in private associations necessarily yields the sort of civic engagement that, in turn, sustains effective democratic institutions. Such assertions tend to rely on evidence from states that are democratic to begin with. Here, Amaney Jamal investigates the role of civic associations in promoting democratic attitudes and behavioral patterns in contexts that are less than democratic. Jamal argues that, in state-centralized environments, associations can just as easily promote civic qualities vital to authoritarian citizenship--such as support for the regime in power. Thus, any assessment of the influence of associational life on civic life must take into account political contexts, including the relationships among associations, their leaders, and political institutions. Barriers to Democracy both builds on and critiques the multifaceted literature that has emerged since the mid-1990s on associational life and civil society. By critically examining associational life in the West Bank during the height of the Oslo Peace Process (1993-99), and extending her findings to Morocco, Egypt, and Jordan, Jamal provides vital new insights into a timely issue.

Barriers And Biases In Computer Mediated Knowledge Communication

Author: Rainer Bromme
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387243191
Size: 14.83 MB
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What are the barriers in computer-mediated communication for cooperative learning and work? Based on empirical research, the chapters of this book offer different perspectives on the nature and causes of such barriers for students and researchers in the field.