In Defense Of Monopoly

Author: Richard B. McKenzie
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472116150
Size: 12.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 46

Offers an unconventional argument in favor of market monopolies. This book claims that conventional, static models exaggerate the harm done by real-world monopolies, and shows why some degree of monopoly presence is necessary to maximize the improvement of human welfare over time.

Markets And Power

Author: Eric A. Schutz
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765640643
Size: 16.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 17

In what ways do the actions and economic behavior of today's multinational corporations resemble the functioning and processes of the old command economics of the Soviet Union? By ignoring questions about power relations in markets, mainstream neoclassically-oriented economists conclude that there are no significant power structures operating in market systems to control allocation and distribution. This book argues to the contrary that there are fundamental and systemic power structures - monopoly, access to information or finance, employer power, etc. - at work in market economies, which affects their ability to achieve real "competition" in much the same way as state-controlled, command economies hinder business activities. Thus, for example, the biggest firms at the hubs of financial "networks" wield a kind of "shaping power" upon large numbers of relatively autonomous firms, not only upon those that belong to the networks but also on the many firms outside them that are also affected.

The Economics Of Competition

Author: George G Djolov
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317717898
Size: 17.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 27

A comprehensive examination of the ways competition and innovations level the playing field in the free market The Economics of Competition uses the South African pharmaceutical industry as a case study to cogently challenge accepted economic and regulatory views on competition and monopoly, then re-establishes and emphasizes the importance of foundational economic principles. The book comprehensively explores the concept that monopoly is self-limiting within unrestricted competition, as well as the various market features of competition, innovation, and market power. This detailed examination broadens understanding of the economics of competition for both scholars and practitioners. Competition is seen as a continuous process in a free market. The Economics of Competition thoughtfully explores the competitive process in its two mechanisms, the transfer of market share from one rival to another, and innovation of a new product, new method of production, new market opening, or new source of supply of raw materials. The dynamic nature of the marketplace is thoroughly examined from the author's inside view of the South African pharmaceutical industry. This provides a rare opportunity to closely examine an industry considered to be a monopoly while actively applying economic theories of competition and freedom of choice. The effects of public policy, legislation, and pricing regulations are discussed in detail. The book has several tables and figures to enhance clarity and is extensively referenced. The Economics of Competition discusses: * monopoly and rivalry in the free market * theories of perfect competition * innovation as a controlling variable * pricing and price differentiation * barriers to competition—including historical and contemporary legislative barriers * horizontal mergers and acquisitions as a key aspect of market power * and more! The Economics of Competition is insightful, thought-provoking reading for policymakers as well as anyone practising antitrust law, microeconomics, industrial economics, managerial economics, marketing strategy, theoretical public health, and students and educators of marketing and economics.

Market Power And The Economy

Author: Wallace C. Peterson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400926738
Size: 18.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 11

A situation in economics that is little short of scandalous is the almost total neglect by mainstream economics of the importance of power in economic affairs. Power in this context means the ability to bend market forces in one's favor, influencing and shaping key economic variables such as prices, wages, and other income determinants. As John Kenneth Galbraith as tutely observes: a dominant fact in economic life is the desire of people everywhere and in all circumstances to get control over their personal lives and their incomes-to escape from the "tyranny of the market. " Power is the means to this end. Ever since Adam Smith, economists have been fascinated by and lavish in their praise for the workings of the market. All modern textbooks are built around Smithian ideas about markets and the way the "invisible hand" works through competition for society's better ment. Yet one can search nearly in vain through leading texts, under graduate and graduate alike, for any reference to market or economic power. This is the situation in spite of the fact that the drive for power, the urge to get control over one's income, permeates the economy as much as does competition. This is a scandal! For a discipline that claims for itself the mantle of a science-one which wants to be accorded the same respect given the natural sciences-it is almost incomprehensible that it should ignore a major force at work in the real economic world.

Market Power Handbook

Author: American Bar Association. Section of Antitrust Law
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 1590315219
Size: 11.28 MB
Format: PDF
View: 38

"The Market Power Handbook" is a comprehensive review of the market power issues that arise in antitrust. The goal of the handbook is to address market power from both a legal and an economic standpoint; it is designed to serve as a nontechnical resource rather than an economic text. Nontheless, the book provides an introduction to and summary of the economic concepts which are critical to an understanding of market power.

Competition Policy Analysis

Author: Kai Hüschelrath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783790820904
Size: 11.43 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 34

Competition policy is an integral and prominent part of economic policy-making in the European Union. The EU Treaty prescribes its member states to conduct economic policy ‘in accordance with the principle of an open market economy with free competition’. More precisely, the goal of EU competition policy is “to defend and develop effective competition in the common market” (European Commission, 2000: 7). Under its Commissioners van Miert, Monti and, most - cently, Kroes the EU Commission has stepped up its effort to pursue and achieve the aforementioned goal. A number of so-called hard-core cartels, such as the - torious “vitamin cartel” led by Roche, have been detected, tried in violation of Art. 81 of the Maastricht Accord and punished with severe fines. Also Microsoft was hit hard by the strong hand of the Commission having been severely fined for - ploiting a dominant market position. Economic analysis has been playing an increasingly significant role in the Commission’s examination of competition law cases. This holds true in particular for merger control. Here, however, the Commission has had to accept some poi- ant defeats in court, such as the Court’s reversals of Airtours-First Choice or GE- Honeywell. Among other things, the European Court of Justice found the e- nomic analysis as conducted by the EU’s Directorate General for Competition to be flawed and the conclusions drawn not to be convincing. These rejections by the courts have stirred up the scholarly debate on the conceptual foundations of Eu- pean competition policy.