Naturalism And Normativity

Author: Mario De Caro
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231508872
Size: 14.16 MB
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Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that there must be a transcendent realm of norms. Naturalism and Normativity engages with both sides of this debate. Essays explore philosophical options for understanding normativity in the space between scientific naturalism and Platonic supernaturalism. They articulate a liberal conception of philosophy that is neither reducible to the sciences nor completely independent of them-yet is one that maintains the right to call itself naturalism. Contributors think in new ways about the relations among the scientific worldview, our experience of norms and values, and our movements in the space of reason. Detailed discussions include the relationship between philosophy and science, physicalism and ontological pluralism, the realm of the ordinary, objectivity and subjectivity, truth and justification, and the liberal naturalisms of Donald Davidson, John Dewey, John McDowell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Nietzsche Naturalism And Normativity

Author: Christopher Janaway
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199583676
Size: 19.53 MB
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Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity comprises ten original essays which critically engage with one of the western canon's most controversial ethical thinkers. Bringing together an internationally renowned line-up of Nietzsche specialists and mainstream moral philosophers, the volume provides a timely and distinctive contribution to our understanding of both Nietzsche and his significance for ethical thought more generally. As well as clarifyingNietzsche's own views, both critical and positive, ethical and meta-ethical, the articles connect Nietzsche's philosophical concerns to contemporary debates in and about ethics, normativity, and value. An editors'introduction provides a comprehensive and accessible background to these topics. This volume stands at the cutting-edge of recent work in the field and is essential reading to anyone interested in the challenges Nietzsche poses for dominant models of moral philosophy.

Beyond Description

Author: Marcin Milkowski
Publisher:
ISBN: 1904987915
Size: 11.42 MB
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The contributors to this volume engage with issues of normativity within naturalised philosophy. The issues are critical to naturalism as most traditional notions in philosophy, such as knowledge, justification or representation, are said to involve normativity. Some of the contributors pursue the question of the correct place of normativity within a naturalised ontology, with emergentist and eliminativist answers offered on neighbouring pages. Others seek to justify particular norms within a naturalised framework, the more surprising ones including naturalist takes on the a priori and intuitions. Finally, yet others examine concrete examples of the application of norms within particular epistemic endeavours, such as psychopathology and design. The overall picture is that of an intimate engagement with issues of normativity on the part of naturalist philosophers - questioning some of the fundamentals at the same time as they try to work out many of the details.

Naturalism Realism And Normativity

Author: Hilary Putnam
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674969131
Size: 12.83 MB
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Hilary Putnam’s writings have shaped fields from epistemology to ethics, metaphysics to the philosophy of physics, the philosophy of mathematics to the philosophy of mind. This volume reflects his latest thinking on how to articulate a theory of naturalism which acknowledges that normative phenomena form an ineluctable part of human experience.

Meaning And Normativity

Author: Allan Gibbard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199646074
Size: 18.15 MB
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Allan Gibbard integrates his theory of expressivism for normative language--which holds, roughly, that normative statements express states of planning--with a theory of how the meaning of meaning could be normative. He expands metaethics to address key topics in philosophy of language, and argues that while expressivism and nonnaturalism may converge in all their theses, they differ in their explanations of normativity. Nonnaturalists' explanations mystify,whereas expressivists render normative thinking intelligible as something to expect from beings like us, complexly social products of natural selection who talk with each other.