The Asian American Achievement Paradox

Author: Jennifer Lee
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 9781610448505
Size: 19.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Asian Americans are often stereotyped as the “model minority.” Their sizeable presence at elite universities and high household incomes have helped construct the narrative of Asian American “exceptionalism.” While many scholars and activists characterize this as a myth, pundits claim that Asian Americans’ educational attainment is the result of unique cultural values. In The Asian American Achievement Paradox, sociologists Jennifer Lee and Min Zhou offer a compelling account of the academic achievement of the children of Asian immigrants. Drawing on in-depth interviews with the adult children of Chinese immigrants and Vietnamese refugees and survey data, Lee and Zhou bridge sociology and social psychology to explain how immigration laws, institutions, and culture interact to foster high achievement among certain Asian American groups. For the Chinese and Vietnamese in Los Angeles, Lee and Zhou find that the educational attainment of the second generation is strikingly similar, despite the vastly different socioeconomic profiles of their immigrant parents. Because immigration policies after 1965 favor individuals with higher levels of education and professional skills, many Asian immigrants are highly educated when they arrive in the United States. They bring a specific “success frame,” which is strictly defined as earning a degree from an elite university and working in a high-status field. This success frame is reinforced in many local Asian communities, which make resources such as college preparation courses and tutoring available to group members, including their low-income members. While the success frame accounts for part of Asian Americans’ high rates of achievement, Lee and Zhou also find that institutions, such as public schools, are crucial in supporting the cycle of Asian American achievement. Teachers and guidance counselors, for example, who presume that Asian American students are smart, disciplined, and studious, provide them with extra help and steer them toward competitive academic programs. These institutional advantages, in turn, lead to better academic performance and outcomes among Asian American students. Yet the expectations of high achievement come with a cost: the notion of Asian American success creates an “achievement paradox” in which Asian Americans who do not fit the success frame feel like failures or racial outliers. While pundits ascribe Asian American success to the assumed superior traits intrinsic to Asian culture, Lee and Zhou show how historical, cultural, and institutional elements work together to confer advantages to specific populations. An insightful counter to notions of culture based on stereotypes, The Asian American Achievement Paradox offers a deft and nuanced understanding how and why certain immigrant groups succeed.

Alle Menschen Sind Gleich Erfolgreiche Nicht

Author: Amy Chua
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593501178
Size: 11.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Warum sind Einwanderer aus China und dem Iran Gewinnertypen und die aus anderen Nationen oft nicht? »Tigermutter« Amy Chua und ihr Mann Jed Rubenfeld haben eine überraschende Antwort. Erfolg hat, wer drei Dinge mit auf den Weg bekommt: das Gefühl kollektiver Überlegenheit, gepaart mit einer tiefen Unsicherheit gegenüber der neuen Gesellschaft und nicht zuletzt einer guten Portion Selbstdisziplin. Das Gute: Das Erfolgsprinzip ist kulturell geprägt, aber dennoch übertragbar und kann uns auch hierzulande eine Lehre sein. Vorausgesetzt, wir haben den nötigen Biss!

Geschichte F R Einen Augenblick

Author: Ruth Ozeki
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104028217
Size: 18.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ruth Ozeki erkundet, was es heißt, in diesem Augenblick, genau jetzt, ein Mensch zu sein – »bezaubernd, klug und herzzerreißend« (Junot Díaz). »Hallo! Ich heiße Nao, und ich bin ein Zeitwesen. Weißt du, was ein Zeitwesen ist? Wenn du einen Moment hast, erzähl ich es dir.« So beginnt das Tagebuch des japanischen Teenagers Nao, das eines Tages am Strand einer kanadischen Pazifikinsel angespült wird. Nao schreibt von Einsamkeit und Mobbing, vom depressiven Vater, von ihrer schillernden Urgroßmutter Jiko und den Geheimnissen des Zen. Die Autorin Ruth, die das Tagebuch gefunden hat, ist bald wie gebannt von Naos Notizen und beginnt zugleich um ihr Leben zu fürchten – hat Nao letztlich Selbstmord begangen? Ist sie im Tsunami gestorben? Die Suche nach Antworten gerät für Ruth zu einer magischen Reise durch die Gegenwart, die am Ende auch den Blick auf ihr eigenes Leben verwandelt.

Contemporary Asian America Third Edition

Author: Min Zhou
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9781479829231
Size: 18.73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 48

Who are Asian Americans? Moving beyond popular stereotypes of the “model minority” or “forever foreigner,” most Americans know surprisingly little of the nation’s fastest growing minority population. Since the 1960s, when different Asian immigrant groups came together under the “Asian American” umbrella, they have tirelessly carved out their presence in the labor market, education, politics, and pop culture. Many times, they have done so in the face of racism, discrimination, sexism, homophobia, and socioeconomic disadvantage. Today, contemporary Asian America has emerged as an incredibly diverse population, with each segment of the community facing its unique challenges. When Contemporary Asian America was first published in 2000, it exposed its readers to the formation and development of Asian American studies as an academic field of study, from its inception as part of the ethnic consciousness movement of the 1960s to the systematic inquiry into more contemporary theoretical and practical issues facing Asian America at the century’s end. It was the first volume to integrate a broad range of interdisciplinary research and approaches from a social science perspective to assess the effects of immigration, community development, and socialization on Asian American communities. This updated third edition discusses the impact of September 11 on Asian American identity and citizenship; the continued influence of globalization on past and present waves of immigration; and the intersection of race, gender, sexuality, and class on the experiences of Asian immigrants and their children. The volume also provides study questions and recommended supplementary readings and documentary films. This critical text offers a broad overview of Asian American studies and the current state of Asian America.

Ethnische Ungleichheiten Im Bildungsverlauf

Author: Claudia Diehl
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658043223
Size: 13.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Bildungsforschung hat in den letzten Jahren – teilweise bedingt durch die öffentliche Diskussion der Ergebnisse der Schulleistungsstudien – einen regelrechten Boom erfahren. Auch die Migrationsforschung erhielt im Zuge des offiziellen Bekenntnisses Deutschlands zur Zuwanderung („Deutschland ist ein Einwanderungsland“) einen enormen Auftrieb. Die Forschung zu ethnischen Ungleichheiten im deutschen Bildungssystem verbindet diese beiden Themen und behandelt gleichzeitig einen gesellschaftlichen Bereich, der für die späteren Lebenschancen besonders folgenreich ist. Der vorliegende Band soll einen Überblick über die Ergebnisse der empirischen Forschung in Bezug auf ethnische Bildungsungleichheiten geben. Die Autorinnen und Autoren identifizieren die wichtigsten und stabilsten Ergebnisse zu den behandelten Fragen, vergleichen diese überblicksartig, weisen auf Forschungslücken hin und diskutieren offene bzw. strittige Fragen.

Growing Up The Chinese Way

Author: Sing Lau
Publisher: Chinese University Press
ISBN: 9622016596
Size: 15.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 93

Since the 1960s a new assertiveness has characterized India's formerly silent majority, the lower castes that comprise more than two-thirds of the population. Today India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, is controlled by lower-caste politicians, as is Bihar, and lower-caste representation in national politics is growing inexorably. Jaffrelot argues that this trend constitutes a genuine "democratization" of India and that the social and economic effects of this "silent revolution" are bound to multiply in the years to come.